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"Save the Children" mural on blast wall outside hotel conference center: photo credit - Aaron Hughes
Thank you VVAW and US Labor Against the War for your
generous contribution to help make IVAW's presence at the first International
Labor Conference in Erbil, Iraq a reality.
Humbling is the most important word that I can use to
describe my recent travels back to Iraq. As I think of how to share this
experience with my fellow veterans this word comes to the front of my mind and
silences my thoughts.
I start writing this report with caution and awareness that
I can never fully understand or express the complexities, pains and hopes of the
Iraqi people, but with confidence that I can share the compassion and love that
was expressed by the Iraqis despite our contribution to their oppression. It had
been well over four years since I last set foot in Iraq, a country that changed
my life by awakening me to my own hypocrisies and ability to dehumanize
"others." As the plane flew east into the night sky I wrote:
On my way back to Iraq
Anxiety sits in my throat and in my heart
Such a beautiful opportunity
Such a beautiful dream
To sit and have tea with the Iraqis
I am so honored to be here
On this trip
Flying into the night
Into the darkness of the unknown
Where one spark of light will light up the
There was tightness in my shoulders when we landed. It was
something in the familiarity of the landscape. The dust was the same gray white
that I remembered. It washed away the bright colors. The cabs were the same,
white with faded orange side panels, and they crowded the roads making the
streets hum. The roadside stands were the same as the ones I had seen years
earlier, but this time they lined the roads of the northern
In 2003 and 2004 I traveled throughout much of Iraq as an
88M truck driver, but never north of Kirkuk. Now, I was an hour north of Kirkuk
in Erbil and despite its similar landscape to other parts of Iraq, it clearly
felt different. It had a calm that did not carry the same uneasiness I had
remembered. According to Samir Adil from the Iraq Freedom Congress and
organizing committee of the First International Labor Conference this is why
Erbil was chosen to host the conference. He said it was extremely important to
have the conference in Erbil so workers from more volatile areas of Iraq could
have a space to let down their guard and feel a sense of security.
the thought noting, there is so much fear and anxiety in most cities that the
mental space to start thinking through the issues of workers rights is extremely
difficult. As he was sharing this, I was thinking about the December bombing in
Kirkuk that Samir had luckily survived. From the airport we were quickly driven
through afternoon air past traffic circles and Kurdish Militiamen, stationed at
every corner, to a western style hotel that was surrounded by concrete walls and
had more Kurdish militiamen with AK-47s.
After dropping our bags and taking a moment to freshen up
we were taken out to a fast-food western-style restaurant where we were bestowed
with Iraqi hospitality. We were spoiled with food and it became embarrassingly
clear there was no way to refuse the generosity that was not deserved. At the
dinner I met Harman, a college student in the local university. The night passed
quickly and when I woke in the morning I wrote in my journal trying to wrap my
head around the evening conversation:
Harman at dinner last night.
At a strange dinner for western fast food tastes I spoke
with Harman, a student from the university here. The suffering he told me
His eyes. They held tears but the tears never
He told me of Saddam and the gas.
And his love for Kurdistan.
And of the Americans...they do so many things
His cousin recently died in an IED; but the Americans made
it through with no scratches.
Something in our conversation makes me want to cry. The
guilt comes back and I have no right to say anything. I want to cry and say I am
sorry but there is nothing for me to say. Kirkuk is a mess and the United States
is not helping.
It is the morning of day one. Birds hop and sing all over
the pine trees outside my hotel patio door. The same dust smog sits over the
city that I remember.
The morning birds hide and coo in the trees and I think of
my crazy dreams. Dreams of strange anxiousness were
I woke many times tossing and turning; confused by the time
change and no watch. The sun comes up at 6 AM and the air is gray and cool. Cool
like a summer morning in the desert of the suburbs back home. I am in the desert
again and gray brown white is omnipresent and I am stuck in western false
luxury. The hotel is too much for me. I have taken so much from the Iraqis and
yet I am taking more and they only share love and trust. Trust I do not deserve.
I would love a sleeping bag and my truck hood. I would love to stay in a small
house with kind hearts.
Erbil at dusk: photo credit - Aaron Hughes
Before I continue, I need to share a little about how this
return journey came about. Over the past year IVAW Chicago has been working on
building up relationships with labor, specifically US Labor Against the War
(USLAW). This led Terry Davis from Chicago USLAW to invite me personally to
speak at the December 2008 USLAW Steering Committee meeting. At this talk I
heard a lot about the plans for an upcoming International Labor Conference in
Iraq, which USLAW had already been working on for over a year.
I was also afforded the opportunity to meet Amjad Ali from
the Iraq Freedom Congress and a member of the planning committee of the
conference. After hearing about the vision of the conference: to create a united
front against the occupation and the protection of trade union rights under the
slogan of "a better world can be made by workers," I quickly started thinking
about how valuable it would be for IVAW to attend the conference in order to
take concrete steps towards our second point of unity: reparations for the human
and structural damages Iraq has suffered and stopping the corporate pillaging of
Iraq so that their people can control their own lives and
I asked Michael Eisencher, the national coordinator for
USLAW, if he thought it would be appropriate for IVAW to request an invitation
to the conference. He responded very quickly by informing me he would ask the
Iraqis and get back to me. Less then a week later I received an official
invitation for IVAW to send one delegate to the conference and within just a few
weeks of the original request, it was confirmed that IVAW would be able to send
two members to attend the first ever International Labor Conference in Iraq. TJ
Buonomo a former Army Intelligence Officer and myself were to join Mike Zweig of
United University Professions and American Federation of Teachers (AFT) Local
2190, Bill Shortell President of the Central Connecticut Labor Council and
International Association of Machinists (IAM), Jim Norris President of the
United Steel Workers (USW) Local 675 and representative of the national USW's
oil workers in the US, and Michael Eisencher.
The conference was set up to bring together the major labor
constituencies from across Iraq to form a confederation based on worker
rights. At the end of our second day,
the eve of the conference, workers from fifteen of Iraq's eighteen provinces
began to arrive. There were representatives from Iraq's oil and gas industry,
its port union, the electrical generation and distribution industry,
construction, public sector, transportation, communications, education, rail
roads, service and health care industries, machinists and metal working sector,
the petro-chemical industry, civil engineers, writers and journalists, food oil
workers, tailors and students.
The historical nature of the conference was clear. This
opportunity for the international community and the workers across Iraq to show
solidarity was long overdue. After the United States invaded Iraq and set up the
provisional government, a new constitution was drafted that included worker
rights. However, at the same time, Paul Bremer, head of the Coalition
Provisional Authority, retained Saddam Hussein's labor laws.
In their 2008
Country Reports on Human Rights Practices (from February 25, 2009), the Bureau
of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor notes:
"The constitution provides the right to form and join
unions and professional associations, subject to regulating law. Labor Law 150
of 1987, enacted by the Saddam government, ...declared virtually all public
sector workers to be government 'executives,' and therefore legally ineligible
to form or to join unions, a move that, in effect, eliminated unions and the
right of association from the public sector. In the private sector, the extant
1987 Trade Union Organization Law ...was also intended, in practice, to remove
the right of association from a majority of private sector workers, because most
private sector businesses employ fewer than 50 workers. Decree 8750 of 2005,
which cancelled unions' leadership boards, froze their assets, and formed an
inter-ministerial committee to administer unions' assets and assess their
capacity to resume activity, also inhibited union activity. The laws and decree
do not prohibit anti-union discrimination by employers or others. In addition to
this oppressive legal and regulatory framework, violence and insecurity, high
unemployment, and maladapted labor organizational structures inhibited the
exercise of labor rights."
Throughout the conference, in moments here and there, over
sips of tea, in the hallway between talks, over a meal of lamb and rice, or in
the marble floored lobby I had the opportunity to speak with the different labor
leaders. Their stories were hopeful and humble. They were filled with courageous
acts of resistance against the many odds stacked against them. Their government
does not legally recognize unions and organizing in the public sector (seventy
percent of the economy) is illegal. Union assets are frozen and confiscated. The
US military has raided union leaders' homes and occupied factories and plants.
The local militias target union leaders and female workers. Despite these odds,
the unions are organizing, growing and winning.
Leading by example is the Iraq Federation of Oil Unions
(IFOU) lead by its president Hassan Juma'a Awad, which exploded in size over the
past four years to over 25,000 members. It is the strongest and most powerful
union in Iraq and is also extremely militant in regards to worker rights. For
example, the union has protested, gone on strike, and used direct non-violent
tactics to force the British occupation forces to stand down and furthermore
drove the US contractor KBR from the oil fields near Basra.
The National Electrical Association also has a history of
great struggle. One representative from the Babel region shared a story that I
still find hard to believe. In the most casual manner he said the US military
had taken control of his power plant and was using it as part of a camp. The US
military would no longer let the workers bring equipment into the now "secure
area" to maintain the power plant.
The tools and supplies were considered to be
a security risk. The plant gave power to the surrounding area and the workers
did not want their plant to fall into disarray like so many others. So they
started a demonstration and a strike. The national government called the union
leaders and told them to stop and said they were making it worse on themselves
and aggravating the US military. Despite this, the workers continued to strike
and forced the US military to back down and leave the power plant alltogether.
These are the stories from Iraq that need to be heard.
One of the women from the Women's Union and the Oil
Federation shared a story about national women's day. She said even though women
are targeted, her women's group stood in public on International Women's Day in Basra, one of the most dangerous
cities for women. It was a small demonstration of only about twenty women but
they stood strong despite the repercussions that they were all too familiar
Women delegates to Erbil conference: photo credit-Aaron Hughes
Another woman had traveled up from Samara, a city that was
ravaged by the US forces. She spoke of the ongoing work with widowed women. She
was trying to get a can factory built in the city so the women who now had no
form of income could have work and feed their children. She also told me about
the overwhelming number of orphans and the need to build
The conference was a major success. Delegations came not
only from across Iraq and the United States but also from the United Kingdom,
Japan, South Africa, Australia, and Iran. At the closing of the two day
conference, three of Iraq's major labor organizations, the Iraq Federation of
Oil Unions, the Nationwide Electricity Association, and the General Federation
of Workers Councils and Unions, came together with their international allies
and signed an agreement to create a new labor confederation.
In addition to the formation of a new confederation
dedicated to struggling for the Iraqi workers there were also eight resolutions
passed. They are:
1. Resolution to form an international front against wars,
economic blockade and the prevention of union rights;
2. Resolution on the global economic crisis and the workers
3. Resolution on the Iraqi government's interference into
4. Resolution to promote and support an independent,
non-sectarian and non-ethnic government in Iraq;
5. Resolution on immediate enactment of a Labour Code to
give all workers the right to organize and bargain in unions of their
6. Resolution against the draft oil and gas
7. Resolution against privatization;
8. Resolution to support the workers in the Japanese
(The full text can be found on the USLAW web page link:
During the second day of the conference there were
workshops conducted on the risks of privatization, the draft oil and gas law,
labor laws and trade union freedoms, women's and trade union action, global
labor solidarity, war and its psychological repercussions, and labor media. The
most impressive panel was the one on women's rights lead by Hirman Kazim. She
spoke of the targeting of women and the abuses they face at home and at the work
place. There was hope that at the next meeting of the confederation there could
be a resolution passed in favor of women's rights.
TJ and myself were asked to present during the workshop
titled "War and Its Psychological Repercussions." I still get anxious thinking
about going up onto the stage in front of so many individuals that I had either
directly or indirectly oppressed and violated.
I vividly remember walking up on stage. My heart was
racing; I could feel the clamminess of my skin and the sweat on my forehead. I
started slowly for the translator:
"I was here in your country pointing my weapon at your
children, at your communities and for that I am sorry. But forgiveness is
something I cannot ask for and responsibility is something I have to take. This
is why I am here today representing Iraq Veterans Against the War to take
responsibility for what has been done to your country and stand in solidarity
with the people of Iraq."
I continued by sharing the history of IVAW, the story of GI
resistance, and how I got involved with the movement. I concluded my talk by reading a poem about
the little Iraqi boy who had moved me from speaking out against the war to
taking action. He was a little boy who was receiving help to get a prosthetic
arm and eyes in the states from an organization called Global Medical Relief
Fund. I had the opportunity to befriend the young boy.
When he returned in 2007 to the volatile Baghdad, I took to
the streets. I read:
"Ahmed Jabar Shareef is my friend and my guardian
The children lining the roads of Iraq begging for food fill
me with guilt, cynicism and anger.
Yet Ahmed who has been raped by this war, raped of his
youth, raped of his body, raped of his sight, raped of his home, raped of his
freedom, has no cynicism in his thoughts.
He gives love and trust without fear.
He grabs my hand and yells, 'Run. Run please? Please,
He is a nine-year-old boy who wants to
He is a nine-year-old boy who can't run without someone to
lead him. To stop him before the curb, before the tree, before the car that he
He is a nine-year-old boy who wants to stomp his feet and
twist to pop music.
He is a nine-year-old boy that teaches himself to play
He is a nine-year-old boy that is a bird who knows no
He is a nine-year-old boy that is my guardian angel
constantly reminding me that life is for love and trust, not cynicism and
Ahmed Jabar Shareef is my friend."
TJ spoke directly after me and denounced the manipulation
of intelligence, bribing of Iraqi journalists, the torture of Iraqi prisoners,
the suppression of worker rights, and attempts by the US government and
multinational corporations to control Iraqi oil.
After TJ finished speaking an Iraqi man stood up and took
the microphone and began speaking eagerly. He then began walking up toward the
stage and I thought to myself that whatever this was I deserved it. As the
translation came through I heard, "I just want to come on stage and give these
men a... hug."
I began to cry as I was embraced. As the audience stood and
celebrated, once again I was reminded life is for love and trust not cynicism
and anger. I was later told the man was known to be a staunch
TJ Buonomo (l) and Aaron Hughes (r) address conference delegates
On the final day, the Iraqi representatives headed back to
their respective provinces and the international delegations prepared to leave.
Nadia, one of the leaders of the Women's Union, shared this response to our
talks with me before we parted ways:
"Thanks for being here
For sharing your feelings
Your precious feelings
They put us against each other
They made us open
Lies against each other
Go back to these places again
In different eyes
In different you
You who are you
Not who had made
Innocent, clean, calm, peaceful
Go back to end your feeling
Come back again
Come back to Iraq, group of you, make, is a song against
Aaron Hughes (IVAW Chicago)